Every time I’m at the grocery store buying coconut oil I’m faced with essentially two options; refined and unrefined. Unrefined is always more expensive so it got me wondering, is it really better for you, or why the additional cost, and what’s the difference?
Lets’ start at the beginning. All coconut oil is derived from the meat of the coconut. The difference between refined and unrefined is the way in which the oil is extracted and processed. Both of them have their uses and advantages.
Unrefined coconut oil is often referred to as pure coconut oil. The oil is extracted from fresh coconut meat through either dry processing or wet processing and then is typically cold pressed leaving behind just the oil. Unrefined coconut oil has a distinct coconut flavor and keeps it’s coconut smell. Unrefined oil reaches it’s smoking point at 350 degrees F.
Refined coconut oil goes through more processing and will have less of a coconut flavor. It comes from the same coconut meat as unrefined, but the meat is dried first. Some refined coconut oils are bleached. However, quality sources don’t use bleach, chemicals, or solvents to refine their oils. When buying refined, make sure you know that natural processes were used to refine the oil (don’t just go for the cheapest version). Some companies may partially hydrogenate the oil as well, which means it will contain trans-fats. But there has to be a reason people buy it refined, right? Refined is great for cooking at high temperatures as it has a smoking point of 450 degrees F. And if you don’t love the taste of coconut, or just don’t want coconut flavor in the foods you’re making, then refined is the way to go. And don’t forget refined is less expensive, so that’s a win.
The good news is they both have numerous health benefits (as long as you’re buying quality refined oil) like antiviral, antibacterial, anticancer and immune-boosting effects. Unrefined coconut oil, however, is richer in phytonutrients (chemicals produced by plants; plants use phytonutrients to stay healthy. hint: they are good for us!) than refined coconut oil.
- Coconut oil melts at 76 degrees F, so if it’s summer, or you live in a warmer climate, you may notice your coconut oil is a little melty (where it was probably solid when you bought it). This is totally fine and doesn’t mean you can’t us it anymore.
- When using melted coconut oil in recipes, try to ensure all other liquid ingredients (eggs, milk, etc.) are at room temperature. If not, the oil will turn into little solid clumps. It won’t ruin the recipe, but does make it easier to mix if all ingredients are room temperature.
- You can replace coconut oil 1:1 in all recipes for butter or other types of oils.
For the majority of my cooking, I use refined coconut oil. Here is the coconut oil that I use (it is steam refined so no chemicals or bleaching used!).